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Minor Scales

The Minor Scale

The minor scale is also constructed of 8 pitches with the 1st and 8th pitch being the same letter name; however, the 1st and 8th pitch are 8 notes apart (octave).

Minor Scale Formula

Note: Whole step = 2 Half Steps

The formula is as follows

Minor Scale








The shorthand the natural minor scale formula is


A Minor Scale






The harmonic minor scale is the same with 1 exception, the raised 7th scale degree.


Harmonic and Melodic





Natural Minor Scales

Minor Scales