The Minor Scale
The minor scale is also constructed of 8 pitches with the 1st and 8th pitch being the same letter name; however, the 1st and 8th pitch are 8 notes apart (octave).
Minor Scale Formula
Note: Whole step = 2 Half Steps
The formula is as follows
The shorthand the natural minor scale formula is
The harmonic minor scale is the same with 1 exception, the raised 7th scale degree.